Nature and Landscape

Polygonimatkad Soviet Military jeep Safari Estonia

Our nature tours and off-road safaris take place in an area with diverse landscape and beautiful nature. You will find extensive areas covered with native forest and eskers. Alongside you will find sand- and gravel mounds. The landscape was mainly designed by last ice age when the ice edge retreated slowly, making stops and small advances in the meanwhile.

In and around the forest you will find large bogs. The forest is home for many wild animals (wild roe deer, bears, lynx, wolves, moose, wild boars) who are most likely to be seen on a walking tour.

The versatile landscape unfortunately also attracted the militaristic contingent of the Soviet Union who decided to use the area as a military polygon. More than 300 households inside the 320 km² area were destroyed; the people who lived there were forced to leave or were deported to Siberia.

Polygon was used for practicing shooting from handguns, cannons and missile installations; battle simulations with tanks, helicopters and planes were also carried out. The existence of the polygon was top secret and to maintain ultimate secrecy, false name was used in legal documents.

The Soviet Army left in 1990 and the polygon was closed. Small area of the former polygon territory is now being used by Estonian Army but the rest is known as Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve with an area of 130,9 km2. Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve was established in 1991 with an aim to protect rare and endangered species and natural landscapes.

Read more about Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve.

Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any more questions about Põhja-Kõrvema or our services.

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